Major depression: some people may only experience depression once (or hopefully never!) but others can have depression that recurs throughout their lives. Despite this, it can be monitored and treated to reduce symptoms and probability of it resurfacing.
Dysthymia: is a type of low-grade depression where feeling depressed is something that is regarded as a normal part of their personality. It is long-lasting and may go unrecognized due to its sense of “normalcy” in the patient.
Bipolar Disorder: otherwise known as “manic” depression, bipolar disorder involves varied mood swings. These episodes can include impulsive behaviour, hyperactivity and poor sleep. Treating bipolar is much different than regular depression.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): also known as winter depression, SAD is when people feel a surge of depression during the winter months, impacting activities, social life and mood. It usually remains until late spring or early summer.
Post-Partum Depression: is a mood disorder that affects new parents, mostly mothers. It is usually attributed to chemical and hormonal changes in the brain, along with sleep deprivation.
Depression can affect people very differently, with many conflicting or contradicting symptoms. The following symptoms may be emblematic of someone going through clinical depression:
- Insomnia OR excessive sleeping
- Lack of appetite OR Overeating
- Lack of concentration
- Unnecessary guilt
- Substance abuse
- Suicidal thoughts